Así se jugará el campeonato uruguayo 2024: fixture, fechas y horarios
Campeonato Uruguayo: The History and Format of Uruguay's Top Football League
If you are a fan of football, you might have heard of the Campeonato Uruguayo, or the Uruguayan Primera División, as it is officially known. This is the highest professional football league in Uruguay, and one of the oldest and most prestigious in South America. In this article, we will explore the history, format, teams, records, trivia, and curiosities of this fascinating competition.
What is the Campeonato Uruguayo?
The Campeonato Uruguayo is the name given to the annual football tournament that determines the champion of Uruguay. It is organized by the Uruguayan Football Association (AUF), and it involves 16 teams from across the country. The winner of the league qualifies for the Copa Libertadores, the continental club competition, along with other top-placed teams. The bottom-placed teams are relegated to the Segunda División, the second tier of Uruguayan football.
How did it start and evolve?
The first edition of the Campeonato Uruguayo was held in 1900, making it one of the oldest football leagues in the world. It was an amateur competition until 1932, when it became professional. Since then, it has undergone several changes in its format and structure, adapting to different historical and social contexts. Some of the most notable changes include:
The creation of a dissident league, the Federación Uruguaya de Football (FUF), between 1923 and 1925, due to a conflict between clubs and authorities. The FUF organized its own championships, which are not recognized by the AUF or FIFA.
The introduction of a two-stage format in 1994, consisting of an Opening Championship (Torneo Apertura) and a Closing Championship (Torneo Clausura), with a final match between the winners of each stage to decide the champion.
The addition of a mid-season tournament, the Torneo Intermedio, in 2017, which involves eight groups of four teams each, based on their positions in the previous season. The winners of each group advance to a knockout stage to determine the winner.
The switch to a European-style calendar from 2005 to 2016, starting in August and ending in May or June of the following year. This was done to align with international competitions and avoid weather issues. However, it was reverted to a traditional calendar in 2017, starting in February or March and ending in November or December.
What are the main features and rules of the competition?
The current format of the Campeonato Uruguayo consists of three tournaments: Apertura, Intermedio, and Clausura. Each tournament has its own rules and regulations, but some common features are:
Each team plays 15 matches in each tournament, facing every other team once.
The teams are awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss.
The team with the most points at the end of each tournament is declared the winner.
If two or more teams are tied on points at the end of a tournament, a tie-breaker system is applied, based on goal difference, goals scored, head-to-head results, and fair play points.
The winners of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments qualify for the final match, which is played in a neutral venue. The winner of the final match is crowned as the champion of the season.
If the same team wins both the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, it is automatically declared the champion, without playing a final match.
The winner of the Intermedio tournament does not qualify for the final match, but earns a spot in the Copa Sudamericana, another continental club competition.
The teams' performances in the three tournaments are also accumulated in an annual table, which determines the relegation and qualification for international competitions.
The bottom three teams in the annual table are relegated to the Segunda División, while the top four teams (excluding the Intermedio winner) qualify for the Copa Libertadores. The next four teams qualify for the Copa Sudamericana.
The Teams and Records of the Campeonato Uruguayo
The Campeonato Uruguayo has seen the participation of 44 different teams since its inception, but only 11 of them have managed to win at least one title. The league is dominated by two teams from Montevideo, the capital city: Peñarol and Nacional. These two teams have won a combined 97 titles out of 117 seasons, and have also achieved international success and recognition. Let's take a closer look at them and other notable teams and records in the league.
Which teams participate in the league?
The 16 teams that are currently playing in the 2021 season of the Campeonato Uruguayo are:
campeonato uruguayo de primera división
tabla de posiciones del campeonato uruguayo
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peñarol en el campeonato uruguayo
nacional en el campeonato uruguayo
defensor sporting en el campeonato uruguayo
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rentistas en el campeonato uruguayo
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plaza colonia en el campeonato uruguayo
montevideo city torque en el campeonato uruguayo
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Colonia del Sacramento
Montevideo City Torque
Cerrito de la Victoria
San José de Mayo
Note that some of these teams have changed their names, locations, or affiliations over time, reflecting the dynamic and diverse nature of Uruguayan football.
Which teams have won the most titles and trophies?
As mentioned before, Peñarol and Nacional are the undisputed giants of Uruguayan football, having won almost all of the league titles since its inception. Peñarol holds the record with 50 titles, followed by Nacional with 47. The only other teams that have managed to break their dominance are:
Progreso, which won its only title in 1989, becoming the first team outside Montevideo to do so.
Defensor Sporting, which won four titles in 1976, 1987, 1991, and 2008. It is also the only team to have won the Apertura, Intermedio, and Clausura tournaments in the same season (in 2017).
Danubio, which also won four titles in 1988, 2004, 2007, and 2014. It is the only team to have won two consecutive Clausura tournaments (in 2006 and 2007).
Bella Vista, which won its only title in 1990, becoming the first team from the second division to do so.
Rampla Juniors, which won its only title in 1927, becoming the first team to win the league without losing a single match.
Central Español, which won its only title in 1984, becoming the first team to win the league after being promoted from the second division.
Rocha, which won its only title in 2005, becoming the first team from outside Montevideo to win a professional title.
Liverpool, which won its only title in 2020, becoming the first team to win a title after the COVID-19 pandemic.
In addition to the league titles, there are other trophies that are awarded to th